IntelliJ Platform SDK DevGuide

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Plugin Components

Components are the fundamental concept of plugin integration. There are three kinds of components:

  • Application level components are created and initialized when your IDE starts up. They can be acquired from the Application instance by using the getComponent(Class) method.
  • Project level components are created for each Project instance in the IDE. (Please note that components may be created even for unopened projects.) They can be acquired from the Project instance by using the getComponent(Class) method.
  • Module level components are created for each Module inside every project loaded in the IDE. Module level components can be acquired from a Module instance with the getComponent(Class) method.

Every component should have interface and implementation classes specified in the configuration file. The interface class will be used for retrieving the component from other components, and the implementation class will be used for component instantiation.

Note that two components of the same level (Application, Project or Module) cannot have the same interface class. The same class may be specified for both interface and Implementation.

Each component has a unique name which is used for its externalization and other internal needs. The name of a component is returned by its getComponentName() method.

Components naming notation

It is recommended to name components in the form <plugin_name>.<component_name>.

Application level components

Optionally, an application level component’s implementation class may implement the ApplicationComponent interface.

An application component that has no dependencies should have a constructor with no parameters which will be used for its instantiation. If an application component depends on other application components, it can specify these components as constructor parameters. The IntelliJ Platform will ensure that the components are instantiated in the correct order to satisfy the dependencies.

Note that application level components must be registered in the <application-components> section of the plugin.xml file (see Plugin Configuration File).

Quick creation of application components

The IntelliJ Platform suggests a simplified way to create application components, with all the required infrastructure.

The IntelliJ Platform interface will help you declare the application component’s implementation class, and will automatically make appropriate changes to the <application-components> section of the plugin.xml file.

To create and register an application component:

  1. In your project, open the context menu of the destination package and click New (or press Alt+Insert).
  2. In the New menu, click Application Component.
  3. In the New Application Component dialog box that opens, enter the application component name, and then click OK.

The IntelliJ Platform will generate a new Java class that implements the ApplicationComponent interface. First register the newly created component in the plugin.xml file, then add a node to the module tree view; and open the created application component class file in the editor.

Project level components

A project level component’s implementation class may implement the ProjectComponent interface.

The constructor of a project level component can have a parameter of the Project type, if it needs the project instance. It can also specify other application-level or project-level components as parameters, if it depends on those components.

Note that project level components must be registered in the <project-components> section of the plugin.xml file (see Plugin Configuration File).

Quick creation of project components

The IntelliJ Platform suggests a simplified way to create project components, with all the required infrastructure.

The IDEA interface will help you declare the project component’s implementation class, and will automatically make appropriate changes to the <project-components> section of the plugin.xml file.

To create and register a project component

  1. In your project, open the context menu of the destination package and click New (or press Alt+Insert).
  2. In the New menu, click Project Component.
  3. In the New Project Component dialog box that opens, enter the project component name, and then click OK.

The IntelliJ Platform will generate a new Java class that implements the ProjectComponent interface; register the newly created component in the plugin.xml file; add a node to the module tree view; and open the created application component class file in the editor.

Module level components

Optionally, a module level component’s implementation class may implement the ModuleComponent interface.

The constructor of a module level component can have a parameter of the Module type, if it needs the module instance. It can also specify other application level, project level or module level components as parameters, if it depends on those components.

Note that module level components must be registered in the <module-components> section of the plugin.xml file (see Plugin Configuration File).

Quick creation of module components

The IntelliJ Platform suggests a simplified way to create module components, with all the required infrastructure.

The IDEA interface will help you declare the module component’s implementation class, and will automatically make appropriate changes to the <module-components> section of the plugin.xml file.

To create and register a module component

  1. In your project, open the context menu of the destination package and click New (or press Alt+Insert).
  2. In the New menu, click Module Component.
  3. In the New Module Component dialog box that opens, enter the module component name, and then click OK.

The IntelliJ Platform will generate a new Java class that implements the ModuleComponent interface; register the newly created component in the plugin.xml file; add a node to the module tree view; and open the created application component class file in the editor.

Persisting the state of components

The state of every component will be automatically saved and loaded if the component’s class implements the JDOMExternalizable (deprecated) or PersistentStateComponent interface.

When the component’s class implements the PersistentStateComponent interface, the component state is saved in an XML file that you can specify using the @State and @Storage annotations in your Java code.

When the component’s class implements the JDOMExternalizable interface, the components save their state in the following files:

  • Project level components save their state to the project (.ipr) file.

    However, if the workspace option in the plugin.xml file is set to true, the component saves its configuration to the workspace (.iws) file instead.

  • Module level components save their state to the module (.iml) file.

For more information and samples, refer to Persisting State of Components.

Defaults

The defaults (a component’s predefined settings) should be placed in the <component_name>.xml file. Place this file in the plugin’s classpath in the folder corresponding to the default package. The readExternal() method will be called on the <component> root tag.

If a component has defaults, the readExternal() method is called twice:

  • The first time for defaults
  • The second time for saved configuration

Plugin components lifecycle

The components are loaded in the following order:

  • Creation - constructor is invoked.
  • Initialization - the initComponent method is invoked (if the component implements the ApplicationComponent interface).
  • Configuration - the readExternal method is invoked (if the component implements JDOMExternalizable interface), or the loadState method is invoked (if the component implements PersistentStateComponent and has non-default persisted state).
  • For module components, the moduleAdded method of the ModuleComponent interface is invoked to notify that a module has been added to the project.
  • For project components, the projectOpened method of the ProjectComponent interface is invoked to notify that a project has been loaded.

The components are unloaded in the following order:

  • Saving configuration - the writeExternal method is invoked (if the component implements the JDOMExternalizable interface), or the getState method is invoked (if the component implements PersistentStateComponent).
  • Disposal - the disposeComponent method is invoked.

Note that you should not request any other components using the getComponent() method in the constructor of your component, otherwise you’ll get an assertion. If you need access to other components when initializing your component, you can specify them as constructor parameters or access them in the initComponent method.

Last modified: 30 November 2015